The day-long debate in the Security Council on the situation
in Somalia commenced at 10 a.m. October 19, 2001 and continued
until 5 p.m. All the Members of the Council took part in the
include China, France, Singapore, Ukraine, Russian Federation,
Tunisia, United Kingdom, Colombia, United States of America,
Norway, Mauritius, Jamaica, Mali, Bangladesh, and Ireland.
The President of the Security Council H.E. Richard Ryan from
Ireland chaired the debate.
countries, which registered and were also allowed to speak
in the Council, include Djibouti, Egypt, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,
Japan, Belgium on behalf of the EU, Nigeria, Yemen, Ethiopia,
Syrian Arab Republic, Qatar, Iraq, and Kenya.
of the Organization of the Islamic Conference to the United
Nations was also allowed to speak on behalf of his Organization.
H.E. Dr. Ali Khalif Galaydh, the Prime Minister of Somalia
gave a detailed and comprehensive report on the situation
in Somalia. Some of the salient features of his intervention
the President of the Security Council for assuming his presidency
and wished him success in his difficult and arduous tasks.
the Secretary-General for the award of the Nobel Peace Prize.
the Security Council on the number of decisions that reflected
his Government's commitment and determination to combat terrorism,
including the establishment of the an anti-terrorist task
force which would put together a national security and anti-terrorist
force would gather intelligence and information, monitor activities
of potential suspects and share information with the United
Nations. The Government had also enlisted the support of the
"Ulema" or religious leaders, in the fight against terrorism.
It had also engaged the owners of the "Hawallas" money-transfer
agencies, which had assured the Government of their commitment
a Joint Committee of Cabinet Members and Members of the Somali
Parliament had recently been formed top review the penal code
as part of the country's national obligation under Security
Council resolution 1373 (2001).
Government to be successful against terrorists, however, the
international community must provide the assistance needed.
· On the question of national reconciliation, the Prime Minister
said the outcome of the Arat Peace Process would remain the
basis for the pursuit of Somali national reconciliation.
process would continue to be a Somali process, and the Somali
Government would welcome and embrace every positive effort
by neighbouring countries and the world community that could
facilitate that process. The Government would engage those
who were outside the Arta Process through sustained dialogue
Reconciliation Commission would operate independently of the
Government, but lack of funds is hindering the beginning of
the Commission's work.
Prime Minister welcomed the Secretary-General's report, but
noted with regret that the report did not recommend the establishment
of the peace-building mission in Somalia. Failure to establish
this mission would send a wrong signal to the international
community, particularly to the regional and subregional organizations,
donors and warlords.
further contribute to the vicious cycle of inadequate security
and the perpetration of benign neglect.
Minister proposed a high-level inter-agency United Nations
mission be sent to Somalia with a mandate to examine the work
of the security office in Nairobi and to re-evaluate in an
objective manner the security situation in Mogadishu in Mogadishu
and the whole of Somalia.
welcomed the idea of establishing a Committee of Friends of
Somalia, but said that his Government must be fully engaged
in the consultations necessary for designing the framework
within which the Committee would function. Members of the
Committee must be supportive of peace and stability in Somalia
and be willing to play a constructive role and have a genuine
interest in building upon Arta and its outcome.
the statements made by speakers contained conspicuous phrases
of support of the Transitional National Government of Somalia
and those which call upon the United Nations to go much further
in its commitment to the solidification of unity and territorial
integrity of Somalia. The despatch of the inter-agency United
Nations mission to Somalia was recommended by almost all countries,
which participated in the debate.
Representative to the United Nations in his address said that
contrary to the comments that had been made in the Council,
there had been genuine efforts to establish a peace process
that had preceded the Arta Process. Noting that Ethiopia had
always been transparent and frank and the Transitional National
Government of Somalia was not of one mind.
the Somali Government of being associated with Al Qaeda. He
said that he had proof that terrorist groups connected to
Al-Qaeda were established in Somalia.
baseless allegations were vehemently rejected by the Prime
Minister of Somalia in the rebuttal. The Prime Minister qualified
these statements as being baseless and asked the Representative
of Ethiopia to produce facts.
the convening of the debate in the Security Council, the Representative
of Libya proposed, in a meeting held by the African Group
in the United Nations, that the African countries collectively
request the Security Council to despatch peace-building mission
was seconded by all the African countries present with the
exception of Ethiopia, which had strongly opposed claiming
that the "the proposal is not consistent with what IGAD's
resolutions stipulate" .