In a press
briefing in New York, the Secretary-General's representative
for Somalia, David Stephen, said the international community
had accepted there was now a government in Somalia.
journalists that it was "no longer a case of armed factions
and the need for mediation. It is a case of a destroyed State
and a traumatised society, which has stopped using violence
and warlords to settle disputes and now wishes to move in
a new direction."
said the new interim government should now be supported in
its efforts "to reach out to those leaders whose support it
did not have, in order to complete the process."
issue of demobilisation, he said that although the presence
of some 20,000 militia "sounded terrifying", the majority
were working for private sector companies or for Islamic courts,
which were sectors supporting the Transitional National Government.
was "not armed elements facing each other down... Rather the
challenge now was youths with guns who had no training and
only a doubtful future." Rehabilitation, demobilisation and
reintegration must be high on the agenda, said the Secretary-general's
pointed out that other problems in the country were lack of
infrastructure, administration and government buildings.
a lack of land writs meant there was need for a system to
determine to whom land belonged.
drew attention to environmental damage, including the dumping
of toxic waste.
said the United Nations was working in peaceful parts of Somalia,
including Somaliland, but had no presence yet in Mogadishu
because of security concerns.