16 million people in the Horn of Africa are threatened with
starvation, according to the United Nations.
past two years drought has scorched crops and killed livestock
across the region.
drought is the primary cause of the food crisis, the UN says
conflict and insecurity have exacerbated the situation.
shortages are most severe in Ethiopia, where more than eight
million are at risk of famine.
is in the middle of a protracted war with neighbouring Eritrea,
which is severely complicating relief efforts.
is also instability in the south-east of the country, with
frequent reports of banditry and rebel incursions from Somalia
aid agencies have pulled their workers out because of the
people are threatened by drought and food shortages in Eritrea.
Thousands of farmers in the grain-producing regions in the
south have fled from the conflict zones, leaving crops unharvested.
result there have been sharp rises in local food prices and
livestock herds are being sold at falling prices.
war with Ethiopia has also burdened the country with an increasingly
large population of refugees.
Nations special envoy Catherine Bertini said in mid-April
there was still time to avert widespread famine in Eritrea,
if food could be moved in quickly.
is affecting an estimated 100,000 people in this tiny country,
which is highly dependent on imported food and foreign aid.
Water holes have reached dangerously low levels, and livestock
people are already leaving rural areas for the cities, in
search of more food and water.
Kenya nearly 2.7 million people are facing severe food shortages,
making it the second most severely hit country after Ethiopia.
Turkana district, in the north-west, is the worst-affected
failure and fighting between rival militias have left between
1.2 and 1.5 million people at risk in Somalia. Food stocks
are being sent to the country in anticipation of a major emergency.
affected areas are the Bay, Bakool and Gedo regions, where
an estimated 730,000 people need assistance. Harvests are
expected to fail for the sixth year in succession and there
have been outbreaks of cholera.
in the south-west of the country, child malnutrition is estimated
to be 25%, with hundreds of children needing food supplements.
is such a shortage of food that it is usual for the special-high
protein ration to be used by all the family.
efforts have been hindered by looting and fighting, which
led to the temporary suspension of food distribution in the
has a reputation as a difficult and dangerous place for aid
estimates that 1.7m people in Sudan will need food aid this
year, with 75,000 of them at immediate risk.
is plagued by civil war and has the world's largest population
of internally displaced persons.
have often been prevented from reaching at-risk groups due
and crop failure in north-east Uganda has caused severe food
shortages for an estimated 220,000 people.
last year, the UN estimates that 30% of households in Moroto
and Kotido had exhausted their food supplies.
families are surviving on one meal a day, and depending on
cactus fruits, wild berries and leaves for food.
Food and Agriculture organisation has warned that the food
crisis could spread south to central Africa's great lakes
region, where conflict, large population movements and erratic
weather have created another food shortage.
is particularly grave for nearly 800,000 people living in
camps for displaced people in Burundi.
mainly Hutu peasant farmers, who are now unable to gather
in their crops. And in Tanzania, drought has affected an estimated