2nd September 2001
after the arrival in Mogadishu of Abdulkassim Salat Hassan
as head of Somalia's newly-established Interim Government,
the Horn of Africa Nation remains as anarchic as ever .
violence and leadership feuds, the scourge of Mogadishu
since the toppling in 1991 of the regime of dictator Siad
Barre, are now begining to rear their heads in the relatively
peaceful self-declared autonomous regions of Somaliland
has been ravaged not only by violence but also by famine
and the total collapse of central state infrastructure since
Barre's departure. Salat's transitional Government was set
up with the approval of the International community following
talks hosted by Djibouti last year .
the new regime enjoys backing from the International community,
it has yet to gain more than a toe-hold in Somalia itself,
where most warlords and the two regions in the north reject
its authority. In some parts of central and southern Somalia
,militias who often shift alliances, currently back the
TNG in exchange for logistical support, but without any
tangible contribution to peace, experts say .
who for a decade failed to agree on anything and whose warfare
destroyed the Country, have now ganged up united in opposition
to the TNG.
met in Adis-Ababa in March and launched a common front,
the Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC),bent
on TNG's destruction by setting up what they term a more
Police force, itself drawn from Mogadishu's numerous clan
militias , cannot venture into areas controlled by warlords
opposed to the TNG, including the south central regions
of Bay and Bakol, where TNG and SRRC forces fought in July
, leaving 200 people dead and hundred wounded .
expatriate aid workers are permanently stationed in Somalia
since the kidnapping in March 2001 of two UN staff by gunmen,
who freed them in Mogadishu after a week in captivity. Even
the business community in Mogadishu, believed to be solidly
behind the TNG, has yet to give up its arsenal of arms .
too, are brewing in Somaliland and Puntland . In Puntland,
the struggle has been between Col. Abdullahi Yusuf and Mr.
Yusuf Hagi Nur, the regions,s former High Court Chairman,
sacked by Abdullahi Yusuf in June, over the illegal extention
of the President,s term and that of Parliament . In Somaliland,
Egal has also been in a power struggle with clan elders
opposed to his rule .
recently detained the elders,resulting in big demonstrations
demanding their release and counter-demonstrations calling
for their prosecution early this week.
TNG's outspoken Prime Minister Ali Khalif summed up on Thursday
that unrest in both Puntland and Somaliland was an indication
that the people in both regions were against dictatorship
and wanted to see a United Somalia.