like to seize this opportunity to congratulate Your Excellency
for assuming the presidency of the Security Council, I am
confident that under your wise leadership this Council will
continue to be engaged in promoting the principles of the
United Nations Charter.
I am delighted,
Your Excellency, to register the profound appreciation of
the people and the Government of Somalia for the honour that
has been bestowed upon the Secretary-General and the United
the award of the Nobel Prize for Peace to H.E. the Secretary-General
and the United Nations is recognition of his tireless efforts
exerted in the search for durable peace in the World. Mr.
President, The tragic events of September 11 have alerted
the people and Governments all over the World of the danger
posed by international terrorism.
Government has expressed unequivocally its outrage and disgust
at the heinous acts of terrorism perpetrated against the Government
and people of the United States. It has expressed its condolences
and prayers to the President of the United States and the
families of the bereaved.
Government firmly believes that the International Community
must be united and strong in the face of this menace. We reiterate
our commitment and determination to cooperate with the United
Nations, and on bilateral basis, in the fight against international
terrorism. This commitment and determination to combat terrorism
is reflected in the recent decisions taken by my Government:
· We fully
support Resolution 1373 of the Security Council. This Resolution
provides the legal framework and obligations of the Member
States in the fight against terrorism.
Somali Government has recently established an Anti-Terrorism
Task Force, which will put together a national security and
anti-terrorist action plan. This task force will gather intelligence
and information, monitor activities of potential suspects
and share information with the United Nations.
Somali government has engaged the "ulma" religious leaders
with a view to enlisting their support in the fight against
Somali Government has also engaged the owners of the money
transfer agencies "Hawala" which have assured us their commitment
of transparency. "Hawala" owners have pledged to open their
records to the United Nations and other interested parties
and share any insightful information with the Somali government
· A Joint
Committee of the Cabinet Members and members of the Somali
Parliament have recently been formed to review the penal code
including other laws as part of the country's national obligation
under Security Council resolution 1373.
government programs against terrorism to be very effective,
it will be incumbent upon the international community to provide
with all the assistance needed. This assistance can be in
the form of the training and the provisions of the logistics
for the State intelligence services.
to do just that may lead to the creation of a vacuum that
can breed terrorism. Mr. President, On our part and for the
purpose of enhancing security, we have been able to put in
camps over 25,000 militias to be trained and re-integrated
to the society. Moreover, 8,000 policemen have been deployed
in and around Mogadishu; there are neither green lines nor
checkpoints run by the warlords.
National Army is being re-established to reinforce security
and strengthen peace and stability within the country. Members
of the National Army will also be instrumental in bringing
about the needed security within the framework of the Government's
plans related to decentralization and devolution of power
to the regions.
context, my Government has for the first time in 11 years
started collecting taxes in the capital Mogadishu - which
has been supported enthusiastically by the public. The progress
made by our Government in the continued pursuit of peace and
stability in the country was commended by the 74th Ordinary
Session of the Council of Ministers of the OAU, convened in
Lusaka in July 2001: Paragraph 7 of the Decisions adopted
by this Council "Expresses satisfaction at the progress made
by the TNG in the establishment of peace and security in the
country and requests the OAU and the international community
to continue to assist the government in this regard." On the
question of the national reconciliation, the principles upon
which this process is built upon include: · The outcome of
the Arta Peace Process will remain to be the basis for the
pursuit of the Somali National Reconciliation.
process will continue to be a Somali process and the Somali
government will welcome and embrace every positive effort
exerted by the neighbouring countries and the world community
that can facilitate this process.
engaging of those who are outside the Arta Peace Process through
sustained dialogue and negotiations. In light of these principles,
the Somali Government has succeeded in bringing on aboard
two out of 5 factions based in Mogadishu, which were not supporting
the Arta conference. Intensive negotiations are going with
the remaining factions and with the northern administrative
entities (Somaliland and Puntland).
has recently established the National Reconciliation Commission
stipulated by the Interim Charter. This Commission will be
operating independently of the government and it will be composed
of 25 Somali eminent political and historical figures. Its
mandate will focus on reconciling all the parties in Somalia
with the view to attaining a lasting peace and stability for
envisaged that this commission will facilitate the process
of the establishment of the Federal Government System, which
will reflect the desire of the Somali society as a whole.
policies with regard to the National Reconciliation Commission
are consistent with the resolutions adopted by the UN, the
OIC, the OAU, The League of Arab States, and IGAD.
on Somalia that have emanated from the 73rd and 74th Sessions
of the Council of Ministers of the OAU call upon the Member
States and the international community to assist the government
in its endeavours pertaining to national reconciliation.
3 of the decisions adopted by the 74th Ordinary Session of
the Council of Ministers "Reiterates its earlier call to the
Transitional National Government to intensify its efforts
so as to bring about a lasting national reconciliation, building
upon the outcome of the Arta Peace Process and supports in
the efforts aimed at the establishment of the National Reconciliation
Commission." Lack of funds and resources are precluding the
beginning of the work of the Commission and continues to constitute
a major stumbling bloc.
the importance of this independent Commission and the role
it can play in brining about a lasting peace and stability
in Somalia, the international community is called upon to
shoulder its responsibility and provide the resources needed
to empower this Commission. Paragraph 9 of the decisions adopted
by the 74th Ordinary Session of the Council of Ministers of
the OAU "Requests the Secretary General, to work closely with
IGAD, the League of Arab States, the Organization of Islamic
Conference and the wider International Community, to continue
to support the Transitional National Government in its efforts
to sustain reconciliation and reconstruction in Somalia."It
is with deep regret that the warlords continue to be a major
impediment to the national reconciliation process.
orchestrated and have been held responsible for the kidnapping
of the humanitarian aid workers.
kidnapping perpetrated by the warlords has been condemned
by the UN and the EU and had unfortunately caused a set back
in the quest of the peace process.
Paragraph 8 of the decisions of Somalia adopted at the 74th
Ordinary Session of the Council of Ministers of the OAU strongly
condemned the warlords who persist in their stubbornness in
blocking the peace efforts in Somalia.
Government welcomes the report of the Secretary General on
the situation of Somalia. We thank the Secretary General and
the Secretariat for the support they extended to the National
Transitional Government of Somalia.
a historical link with the United Nations dating back to the
times when part of Somalia was placed under the Trusteeship
of the UN. We also want to acknowledge the role of the Secretary
General for his continuous interest in my country. We believe
that the Secretary General of the UN and his Secretariat are
genuinely interested in promoting peace and national reconciliation
to thank the Secretary General for his comprehensive report
on the situation in Somalia; however, I would like to highlight
some points with respect to this report: · We note with regret
that the report does not recommend the establishment of the
Peace Building Mission in Somalia. This decision is based
on the result of the security assessment carried out by some
middle-level field officers stationed in Nairobi.
· We believe
the failure to establish a Peace Building Mission in Somalia
will send the wrong signal to international community and
particularly the regional and sub-regional organizations,
donors and the Warlords.
further contribute to the vicious circle of inadequate security
and the perpetration of the benign neglect that Somalia has
been subjected to over a decade. In our view, the establishment
of the Peace Building Mission in Somalia is imperative and
critical at this moment. We propose the dispatch of a high
level inter-agency UN Mission to Somalia with a mandate to:
examine the work of the security office in Nairobi.
in an objective manner the security situation in Mogadishu
and the whole of Somalia. The Secretary General in his report
expressed his intention to consult all concerned on the feasibility
and usefulness of setting up a Committee of Friends of Somalia
to focus on ways and means of drawing attention to Somalia's
needs in the area of national reconciliation as well as to
help mobilize funds for rehabilitation and development.
welcomes the idea of the establishment of this Committee;
it must however be fully engaged in the consultations necessary
for designing the framework under which this Committee would
function. Members of this Committee must be supportive for
peace and stability in Somalia and be willing to play a constructive
role and have a genuine interest in building upon Arta and
during the process of the formation of this Committee, we
must take into account the lessons of experience learned with
respect to the committee of friends' mechanism especially
in countries like Angola. We must also address the issue of
reconstruction, rehabilitation and development concurrently.
inherited a country in shambles without resources; financial
and infrastructure. For the past year, my Government has been
operating on a budget of only $14 million dollars - despite,
the daunting challenges.
that this unconscionable for the international community to
wait and watch while we struggle with such meagre resources.
Briefly put, Somalia has now moved from the struggle for survival
to the struggle for peace.
Nations and its partner aid agencies are needed to reflect
this change in planning new initiatives. An operational plan
to support good governance and peace building in Somalia is
and security is the key to Transitional National Government's
agenda and there can be no development without peace and security.
a process by which the people of Somalia would begin the work
of putting the country back together. The United Nations and
the international community's role are therefore vital for
Excellencies, Thank you very much for affording me this opportunity
to brief you on the recent developments in Somalia and to
share with you the ideas of my Government for bringing about
peace, stability and development to our troubled country